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Monkton
05469

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Cedar Lake (Monkton Pond)
Photo by Matt Wills

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About Monkton, Vermont
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Addison County
Chartered: June 24, 1762 (New Hampshire Grant)
Area: 23,212 Acres = 36.27 Square Miles [ Size Rank: 173* ]
Coordinates (Geographic Center): N 44° 14' W 73°09'
Altitude: 533 feet ASL
Population (US Census, 2010): 1,980 [ Population Rank: 93* ]
Population Density (persons per square mile): 54.6 [ Density Rank: 90* ]
Full Census Info: Town
  County  State

*Area, Population and Density rankings refer to Monkton's relative position among Vermont's 255 civic entities (9 cities, 242 towns, 4 gores and grants). Complete rankings are here.

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Despite the difference in spelling, Monkton probably was named for General Robert Monckton (1726-82). He was the second surviving son of John Monckton, the first Viscount Galway, and a grandson of John Manners, the second Duke of Rutland. He entered the army as an ensign at fifteen, rose steadily through the ranks, served in Flanders and Nova Scotia, and was Wolfe's second in command at Quebec in 1759. In 1761 he was appointed Royal Governor of New York, a post he held officially until 1763, although part of the time he was away from New York in command of the successful expedition against Martinique, which resulted in its surrender in 1762.

During much of the two years that General Monckton was governor of New York, Lieutenant Governor Cadwallader Colden actually was in authority, and frequently did not reflect his superior's views. General Monckton was well thought of by his contemporaries, one of whom said that he was the "best type of English officer . . . just and moderate in his American dealings. " Evidence of his efforts to be just is seen in the request he made of the New York colony's Council, when he asked them to determine where it felt the eastern boundary of New York lay. It was the opinion of the Council that the boundary was a line twenty miles east of the Hudson River. As a result, General Monckton was the only royal governor of New York who never issued any land patents within what is now Vermont.

Most present-day maps show the town's main village as Monkton Boro, although the postal name is just Monkton. At different times the hamlet has been known as The Borough, sometimes spelled Boro, or Burrough. Originally in England a borough was a group of fortified houses forming a town; in the US a borough has come to be a municipal corporation (e.g., the constituent political divisions of New York City); in Vermont, it is usually is just a cluster of houses within a town, and is without political identity.

Overlooking a small body of water in the northern section of town is the village of Monkton Ridge; the body of water there was called simply Monkton Pond from the time the town was settled until a few years ago, when it was renamed Cedar Lake because of the fine stand of cedar that casts its reflection on the surface of the water.

Maps of the 19th Century show iron ore beds in the southern section of town. Although the deposits are not now being worked, the bog iron ore from Monkton is said to have been of a very fine quality. The cannonballs for Macdonough's fleet, which was built in Vergennes during the War of 1812, were fashioned from Monkton iron.

Material excerpted or adapted from Esther Munroe Swift's
Vermont Place-Names: Footprints of History
with the author's permission

Activities
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Goings-on in and near Monkton
Calendar of Events provided by the Vermont Department of Tourism & Marketing.

Contact Info
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Emergency Services (Statewide): 911
Hospital: Fletcher-Allen Health Care (Burlington) 802-847-0000
Town Clerk:  Sharon Gomez PO Box 12 Monkton, VT 05469
 802-453 3800
 M T F 8-1; Th 8-1 and 5-7

Churches, Ministries, Charitables
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United Methodist : Friends Meeting House 802-482-2284

Schools
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Addison Northeast Supervisory Union 802-453-3657
Monkton Central School 802-453-2314

Neighboring Towns
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This is a basic geographic reference, intended to show relative location of adjacent towns. Directional accuracy is limited to 16 compass points. There isn't even the slightest suggestion that one can necessarily travel directly from one town to the next (as in "You can't get there from here").

Charlotte Hinesburg
Monkton
Ferrisburgh Starksboro
New Haven Bristol

Utilities
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Notes about utilities:

  • One electric or phone company indicates that company serves the entire town. More than one of either indicates each serves different areas of town.
  • A listed cable company MIGHT mean the entire town is covered, but not necessarily. More than one listed indicates each serves different areas of town.
  • Unless your area is one served by Vermont's only gas utility, your only option is bottled gas (any dealer).
    Cable Comcast 800-266-2278
    Electric Green Mountain Power 888-835-4672
    Telephone Fairpoint 866-984-2001
    Telephone Waitsfield & Champlain Valley Telecom 802-496-3391

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    May 25, 2013