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Middletown Springs

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About Middletown Springs, Vermont

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Rutland County
Chartered: October 28, 1784 (Vermont Act of Incorporation)
Area: 14,639 Acres = 22.87 Square Miles [ Size Rank: 216* ]
Coordinates (Geographic Center): N 43° 29' W 73°07'
Altitude: 850 feet ASL
Population (US Census, 2010): 745 [ Population Rank: 179* ]
Population Density (persons per square mile): 32.6 [ Density Rank: 121* ]
Full Census Info: Town
  County  State

*Area, Population and Density rankings refer to Middletown Springs' relative position among Vermont's 255 civic entities (9 cities, 242 towns, 4 gores and grants). Complete rankings are here.

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Middletown was created by taking acreage from Tinmouth, Wells, Poultney and Ira. Originally Middletown, changed to Middletown Springs in 1884.

In February 1784 fifty inhabitants from the particular sections of the four towns concerned petitioned the legislature to create a separate town, principally because "the mountains around them are so impracticable to pass it is with great trouble and difficulty that they can meet with the towns they belong to for public worship and town business." A committee was appointed to confer with the petitioners and their surveyor, Joseph Spaulding. The report was favorable and the town was created. Spaulding was declared to have done the surveys so well that there never has been any fault found with any of the property lines or town boundaries.

Locally they say that Spaulding was allowed to choose the name for the new town because everyone was so pleased with his work. He had moved to Vermont from Middletown, Connecticut, and felt this name particularly well suited to this new town that had been carved out of the corners of four others, hence being in fact the "middle town".

Long before the area was settled, natives and a few wilderness pioneers knew about the mineral springs on the bank of the Poultney River. Later, residents of the area found the water healthful and named the village after the springs. When the post office was established at the village in 1808, it was given just Middletown for a name, but in 1875 (during one of the Post Office Department's periodic attempts to conform to local usage), it was renamed Middletown Springs; finally, in 1884, the legislature officially changed the name of the entire town to match that of the village.

The Springs at Middletown have had a bizarre history. In 1811 a great flood tore out the banks of the Poultney River and dug a new channel for the stream, burying the springs under tons of dirt. That seemed to be the end of the springs, but in 1868 another freak flood burst the new river channel, returned the stream to its original course, uncovering the springs again. As a result, the village became a popular health spa during the late l9th and early 20th centuries.

The only other village of any consequence was Burnham Hollow, which does not appear on modern maps. It grew up around the sawmill and forge of John Burnham (sometimes Burnam). The town history implies that he was one of the early settlers, stating that he already was an old man when the freshet of 1811 destroyed his businesses along with the springs.

Material excerpted or adapted from Esther Munroe Swift's
Vermont Place-Names: Footprints of History
with the author's permission

Activities & Points of Interest

Goings-on in and near Middletown Springs
Calendar of Events provided by the Vermont Department of Tourism & Marketing.

Middletown Springs Historical Society

Contact Info

Emergency Services (Statewide): 911
Hospital: Rutland Regional Medical Center (Rutland) 802-775-7111
Town Clerk:  Laura Castle PO Box 1232 Middletown Springs, VT 05757
 M T Th F 8-1; T Th 4-7pm

Churches, Ministries, Charitables

Nondenominational : Middletown Springs Community Church 802-235-2386
Roman Catholic : St. Anne


Rutland Southwest Supervisory Union 802-287-5286
Middletown Springs Elementary School 802-235-2365

Neighboring Towns

This is a basic geographic reference, intended to show relative location of adjacent towns. Directional accuracy is limited to 16 compass points. There isn't even the slightest suggestion that one can necessarily travel directly from one town to the next (as in "You can't get there from here").

Poultney Ira
Middletown Springs
Wells Tinmouth


Notes about utilities:

  • One electric or phone company indicates that company serves the entire town. More than one of either indicates each serves different areas of town.
  • A listed cable company MIGHT mean the entire town is covered, but not necessarily. More than one listed indicates each serves different areas of town.
  • Unless your area is one served by Vermont's only gas utility, your only option is bottled gas (any dealer).
    Electric Green Mountain Power 888-835-4672
    Telephone Vermont Telephone Company 800-279-4049

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    January 13, 2017