Famous UNITE OR DIE Benjamin Franklin CARTOON Print 1774 Philadelphia Newspaper For Sale
This item has been shown 2440 times.
Famous UNITE OR DIE Benjamin Franklin CARTOON Print 1774 Philadelphia Newspaper:
Famous UNITE OR DIE Benjamin Franklin CARTOON Print 1774 Philadelphia Newspaper
(Note: additional images are located below the description)
Shown is an original & historic old newspaper, offered to enhance your collectible interest:
THE PENNSYLVANIA JOURNAL; AND THE WEEKLY ADVERTISER, Philadelphia, November 16, 1774
* Benjamin Franklin's "Unite Or Die" cartoon
If there was one graphic which represented the spirit of the Revolutionary War it would have to be the ubiquitous segmented snake with the famous "Unite Or Die" caption. The engraving, a prominent device in the masthead of this newspaper, shows a snake cut into various pieces, each with a label of a colony with the implied message that only by each of the separate colonies uniting under a single cause could the country--the snake--hope to strike back & be successful in defeating the British.
Ben Franklin is credited with creating this device, considered the very first political cartoon when he used it in his Pennsylvania Gazette in 1754 to rally the colonies to unite during the advent of the French & Indian War. It would become a symbol of colonial freedom during the Revolutionary War. This engraving is found in most history books, but very rarely is such an edition of the Pennsylvania Journal found & offered to the collector market.
Over half of the first column is a very critical, yet supportive, letter: "To General Gage" which has much interesting content, a few bits including: "The whole of your proceedings are so repleat with folly...your late answer to the address of the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts Bay taught me that you are a more proper object for ridicule...you have apologised for constructing what has been unjustly called a fortress on the Boston Neck. The same factious spirit which leads the Bostonians to call submission to government Slavery--Kings, Tyrants--Ministers, Rascals--& Governors a compound of the whole...You have commenced no hostile steps against the province of Massachusetts Bay, you have only raised a creature like yourself, which 'unless annoyed will annoy nobody.' " with much more, & near the end: "...The liberties of America will be safe while you are held up as an epitome of the military spirit & generosity of the British nation. Resentment begins to subside in our bosoms--for the whole of your operations scarcely entitle you to contempt."
Content from America continues on pages 2 & 3 including a report noting in part: "...accounts from the westward...that on the 12th ult. an engagement happened at the mouth of Kanhawah between about 600 Virginians commanded by Col. Andrew Lewis & about 600 Indians of different nations...lasted, including the Indians firing on their retreat, until an hour before sunset. The Virginians took 18 scalps with the loss of 40 killed...The Indians only got one scalp..." with more (see). Page 2 also has a great letter which has near the beginning: "The province having been repeatedly alarmed at your Excellency's unusual & warlike preparations since your arrival...that you would desist from & demolish your fortifications on Boston neck..." with more comments which are in response to the letter on the front page (see above). The lengthy letter continues with much criticism of the work of General Gage & the presence of British troops in Boston, including: "It must be a matter of grief to every true Briton that the honour of British troops is sullied by the infamous errand on which they are sent to America, & whilst in the unjust cause in which you are engaged menaces, will never produce submission from the people of this province..." and much more. A terrific letter expressing anger towards the British that would lead to war. Much more content on page 3 including some details of the battle between the Virginians and the Indians at Kanhawa (see).
Four pages, a few discrete archival mends to the inside spine not touching any text, a bit of foxing to the ftpg. spine & fold, generally in very nice condition. An exceedingly rare opportunity for a most desirable, displayable, and rare newspaper.
Please Note: All of our offerings are 100% authentic! We do not offer reprints or reproductions of any kind. They are guaranteed to be original!
Shipping, Archival Storage Options, Certificates of Authenticity, About Us, and more...
- For this specific item, A U.S. winner pays $7.00 S&H. If multiple items are purchased and paid for simultaneously, the S&H will be calculated by using the highest item's S&H as the base cost, and then adding $1 for each additional newspaper. The per-item additional cost for folders, portfolios, and presentation cases vary.
- All U.S. orders include in-house insurance at no additional cost to the buyer.
- All U.S. bound orders include delivery confirmation (if sent by USPS) and/or tracking (if sent by UPS).
- Expedited shipping is available for all orders upon request. Every effort is made to ship all orders within 24 business hours of receiving payment.
- Some small items may be shipped 1st Class. We will still provide tracking and insure them at our expense.
If the automated checkout process does not properly combine shipping, we will refund overages automatically. If you prefer, contact us prior to payment to obtain a revised invoice. International Shipping Policy...
- Upon purchasing, international winners should contact us for an invoice which includes S&H to their location.
- Import duties, taxes and charges are not included in the item price or shipping charges. These charges are the buyer’s responsibility. Please check with your country’s customs office to determine what these additional costs will be prior to offerding/buying. Note: We will not falsify customs declarations or mark an item as "gift" in order to avoid customs fees.
- If insurance is desired, be in touch for a quote. All insured orders are subject to customs, duties, & taxes for the amount insured and are subject to item 2 above.
- Large and/or brittle issues must be shipped flat and are required to be shipped by Priority Mail International (PMI), often at a weight of 3 pounds or more - quite expensive. Please contact us for a pre-purchase/pre-offerding S&H quote if you are concerned about the potential S&H cost.
- International purchasers are encouraged to take advantage of our combined shipping policy to lower the cost per item S&H.
We have been dealers in rare newspapers for over 41 years, serve as consultants to multiple museums, and are members of the American Antiquarian Society. offer with confidence knowing that every item we offer is guaranteed to be authentic.
More Information About Us
Timothy Hughes Rare Newspapers
P.O. Box 3636
Williamsport, PA 17701-8636
Hours: M-F, 7:30-4:00 EST
Click to view our additional offerings
"...desiring to conduct ourselves honorably in all things." Hebrews 13:18
If you would like to have either the Archival Storage Folder ($9.00, plus corresponding adjustment to the final S&H) or the Certificate of Authenticity ($3.00) included with the issue, please purchase these directly through using the links provided. These items are also available through our cross-promoted store offerings."Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers, or newspapers without a government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter." Thomas Jefferson