.•:*¨¨*:•. 1789 ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION .•:*¨¨*:•. For Sale
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.•:*¨¨*:•. 1789 ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION .•:*¨¨*:•.:
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The"ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION AND PERPETUAL UNION" – the document that gave “birth” to the name “THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.”
ARTICLE 1 states: The stile of this confederacy shall be “THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.”
[ Rare 18th century printing ]
One of the PRIMARY DOCUMENTS OF AMERICAN HISTORY, a rare 1789 printing of the Articles of Confederation, hand printed on a standing press on hand made laid paper. The paper has a large flower design watermark on the last sheet. This printing consists of three (3) sheets of paper, with the front page starting at number
[ 3 ] and ending at page “8,” which is not numbered and is blank. Measures approx.12.375 × 7.75 inches.
A true early printing of this famous document.
Document bound together by document repair tape of unknown age
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TheArticles of Confederation and Perpetual Unionwas an agreement among the 13 original statesof the United States of Americathat served as its first constitution.It was approved, after much debate (between July 1776 and November 1777), by the Second Continental Congresson November 15, 1777, and sent to the states for ratification. The Articles of Confederation came into forceon March 1, 1781, after being ratified by all 13 states. A guiding principle of the Articles was to preserve the independenceand sovereigntyof the states. The weak central governmentestablished by the Articles received only those powers which the former colonieshad recognized as belonging to king and parliament.
The document provided clearly written rules for how the states' "league of friendship" would be organized. During the ratification process, the Congress looked to the Articles for guidance as it conducted business, directing the war effort, conducting diplomacy with foreign states, addressing territorial issues and dealing with Native American relations. Little changed politically once the Articles of Confederation went into effect, as ratification did little more than legalize what the Continental Congress had been doing. That body was renamed the Congress of the Confederation; but most Americans continued to call it theContinental Congress, since its organization remained the same.
As the Confederation Congress attempted to govern the continually growing American states, delegates discovered that the limitations placed upon the central government rendered it ineffective at doing so. As the government's weaknesses became apparent, especially after Shay's Rebellion, some prominent political thinkers in the fledgling union began asking for changes to the Articles. Their hope was to create a stronger government. Initially, some states met to deal with their trade and economic problems. However, as more states became interested in meeting to change the Articles, a meeting was set in Philadelphia on May 25, 1787. This became the Constitutional Convention. It was quickly agreed that changes would not work, and instead the entire Articles needed to be replaced.On March 4, 1789, the government under the Articles was replaced with the federal governmentunder the Constitution.The new Constitution provided for a much stronger federal government by establishing a chief executive (the President), courts, and taxing powers.